Photographs (1969–1982)

Founded by AA Bronson (b. 1946), Jorge Zontal (b. 1944, d. 1994), and Felix Partz (b. 1945, d. 1994), the Canadian collective General Idea produced one of the most striking oeuvre from the 1970s and 1980s. This multiform work took on the glamour of popular images, the ideology of mass media, and the commonplaces spread throughout the art world, always with a strong sense of irony.

General Idea was founded by the three artists in 1969 in Vancouver when they decided to live and work together. Mindful readers of Marshal McLuhan and Roland Barthes’ Mythologies, they organized in 1970 a beauty contest to elect a Miss General Idea: a mythological, asexual, faceless, and blurry figure who will become their muse. The following year, they began a 13-year-long fiction, The 1984 Miss General Idea Pavilion. Behind this “project,” a strange fiction is taking place, like the pieces of a gigantic puzzle that is constantly being redefined.

Stemming from the group’s archives, the exhibition at MAMCO, conceived in close collaboration with AA Bronson, tackled the first ten years of their career under the specific angle of photography. The aesthetics of these early works borrows from Minimal, Conceptual, as well as Land art, and the regulars from MAMCO certainly found an echo to works from Dennis Oppenheim, Franz Erhard Walther, or even Victor Burgin. However these photographs are also documents from the group’s life within the context of communitarian utopias which left their mark on the 1960s in Northern America.

From the start—and their beauty contest—photography is their privileged medium which they use to feed their mythology. Following their principle of “form follows fiction,” the works produced during this period systematically relate to their muse and her pavilion, through an iconographic repertoire constituted of pieces of clothing and accessories, mirrors, Venetian blinds, or the ziggurat pattern.

The exhibition also paid attention to the role of edition within the production and diffusion of these images. FILE Megazine thus became one of the most accomplished artists’ magazine of its time. Presented by General Idea as a “cultural parasite” appropriating and distorting the famous LIFE Magazine (the company eventually sued the collective), this publication featured the group’s manifestoes and projects, chronicled the artistic life, and introduced new cultural trends. Throughout their 26 issues, from 1972 to 1989, FILE contributed to broaden General Idea’s audience beyond the art field.

  • Exhibition curated by Paul Bernard and Lionel Bovier
  • The exhibition was supported by Le Laboratoire and ReproSolution, Geneva
FONDATION MAMCOÉtat de GenèveVille de GenèveJTIFondation LeenaardsFondation genevoise de bienfaisance Valeria Rossi di Montelera